Frequently Asked Questions
RS-50 is a non ozone depleting low GWP replacement for R404A and R507, and also for R22 in refrigeration.
RS-50 is a blend of R32a, R125, R134a, R227ea and R152a.
No. None of the components of RS-50 is subject to a phase out schedule under the Montreal Protocol or any regulations.
Yes. RS-50 is fully compatible with synthetic lubricants such as polyol ester (POE) which are commonly used with R404A and R507.
No. RS-50 is not compatible with mineral and alkylbenzene oils, lubricants commonly found in use with R22. A complete change of lubricant to POE is required when replacing R22 with RS-50.
RS-50 is both non flammable and non toxic. RS-50 is non flammable under all conditions of fractionation under ASTM 681-09.
The individual components which comprise RS-50 are widely used in compressors produced by major manufacturers.
Tests show that RS-50 has a considerably higher Coefficient of Performance than R404A and R507 which provides a significant energy saving for users.
Extensive independent testing has been carried out which clearly demonstrates that RS-50 has higher energy efficiency than R404A, R507, R407A and R407F at low temperature.
Because RS-50 is a blend, the recommendation is to charge it into the system in the liquid form. However, if the entire contents of the cylinder are being charged, then vapour charging is acceptable.
No. The disposable should be inverted to discharge RS-50 in the liquid form.
Yes, RS-50 is approved for use by the US Environmental Protection Agency.
Yes. RS-50 has been designated an ASHRAE number of R442A with a classification of A1, which is low toxicity & non flammable under all conditions of fractionation.
The discharge pressure of RS-50 is similar to R404A and R507, and higher than R22.
The capacity of RS-50 is higher than R404A and R507, with a quicker pulldown time.
The discharge temperature of RS-50 is lower than R22 and higher than R404A and R507.
RS-50 is non flammable at room temperature and atmospheric pressure, and has the same classification as R12, R134a, R404A, R409A (FX56), R507 (AZ-50) etc.
The decomposition products resulting from subjecting RS-50 to a high temperature source are similar to those when R404A and R507 are exposed to fire conditions. The decomposition products in each case are irritating and toxic, and breathing apparatus should be worn where a possibility to exposure exists.
There are no specific precautions which must be taken with RS-50. As with all refrigerants, common sense and good housekeeping is always recommended
Yes. RS-50 is compatible with all materials commonly used in systems that were designed and charged with R404A, R507 and R22. Magnesium and zinc alloys should be avoided.
Yes. RS-50 can be recovered and re-used after a cleaning process such as reclamation.
Use the same type of lubricant which will be polyolester, replace the filter/drier and charge 10% less quantity of RS-50 as the original charge for R404A or R507 after fully evacuating. RS-50 has a lower liquid flow rate than R404A and R507, so that it may be necessary to replace the expansion device with a valve approximately 40% smaller.
Electronic expansive valves that operate on temperature difference only will have to be adjusted to allow for the evaporator glide. The estimated glide must be added to the recommended evaporator superheat setting for the equipment and the valve adjusted accordingly. Electronic expansive valves that operate on evaporator pressure converted to temperature will have to be re-programmed for the pressure temperature relationship of RS-50 (R442A).
If mineral oil or alkylbenzene are being used in the system, which is common in the case of R22, it is necessary to change the lubricant to a miscible lubricant such as a polyol ester. It is advisable to check with the compressor manufacturer which type and viscosity of lubricant to use. The remaining amount of mineral oil or alkylbenzene left in the system should be less than 5%. Charge 10% less quantity of RS-50 as the original charge for R22 after fully evacuating. Since the mass flow of R442A is similar to R22, it should not be necessary to replace the expansion device, but superheat should be checked and the TXV adjusted as necessary.
Electronic expansive valves that operate on temperature difference only will have to be adjusted to allow for the evaporator glide. The estimated glide must be added to the recommended evaporator superheat setting for the equipment and the valve adjusted accordingly. Electronic expansive valves that operate on evaporator pressure converted to temperature will have to be re-programmed for the pressure temperature relationship of RS-50 (R442A). The capacity rating of a R22 valve will be similar when operating on RS-50 (R442A).
RS-50 is competitive in price with R404A and R507.
RS-50 has a considerably higher Coefficient of Performance than R404A and R507 at low temperature which can realise serious energy savings for users. In addition, RS-50 has a Global Warming Potential which is less than half that of R404A and R507 which results in a lower carbon footprint.
Yes, there is no necessity change any seals, hoses etc when replacing R404A and R507 with RS-50.
RS-50 (R442A) is compatible with materials commonly used in refrigeration systems previously charged with R22. In general, materials which are compatible with R22 can be used with RS-50 (R442A). It is recommended to check equipment manufacturer's retrofit literature and obtain recommendations from equipment manufacturers with regard to materials' compatibility. In older systems which have been operating on R22 for many years, replacement of some seals may be required due to the different composition of RS-50 (R442A) which contains HFCs.
Independent tests show that RS-50 provides a considerably higher COP than R404A and R507 at l,ow temperature.
RS-50 complies with the refrigerant specification AHI 700 for fluorocarbon refrigerants.
As is the case with all CFC, HCFC and HFC based refrigerants, high exposure to RS-50 may produce anaesthetic effects. Very high exposures may cause an abnormal heart rhythm and prove suddenly fatal as is the case with all CFC, HCFC and HFC based refrigerants.
RS-50 is non flammable as defined in the ASHRAE EN 681-09 test, and hence does not have a flash point or explosion limits. The auto-ignition temperature of RS-50 has not been determined but is expected to be greater than 750oC.
Leak detectors used with HFCs are suitable for use with RS-50.
In common with other refrigerants of this type, the area should be immediately evacuated. The vapour may concentrate at floor level and in poorly ventilated areas may be slow to disperse. Forced ventilation should be provided before entering such areas.
RS-50 is targeted to replace R404A and R507 in new equipment in order to take advantage of its high energy efficiency and lower global warming than R404A and R507.
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